雷竞技官网 - 雷竞技官网,雷竞技炉石传说 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog Science communication since 1989 Fri, 03 Dec 2021 14:18:42 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 It’s not all Greek to me //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/its-not-all-greek-to-me.html Fri, 03 Dec 2021 10:15:53 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=42108 Continue reading "It’s not all Greek to me"]]> By now, we’ve all heard the phrase “variant of concern” referring to a new form of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Technically, these variants have mutations that alter how well the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus infects our cells. If the new form of the virus is of concern it is usually because the mutations in the spike protein on the surface of the virus are likely to make it more infectious, faster spreading and/or to worse symptoms or lead to more deaths.

The national and international health organisations assess new variants of which there are known to be hundreds of thousands, if not millions, on the basis of whether they show increased transmissibility, increased morbidity, increased mortality, increased risk of “long COVID”, ability to evade detection by diagnostic tests, decreased susceptibility to antiviral drugs, decreased susceptibility to neutralizing antibodies, ability to cause reinfections, ability to infect people who have been vaccinated, increased risk of multisystem inflammatory syndrome and long-haul COVID, increased impact on particular demographic or clinical groups.

The new variants were initially referred to by the name of the place where they were first identified, although each was given a technical name too to represent their genetic lineage. However, those scientific names, for example, B.1.1.529, are not particularly media friendly nor memorable to non-experts. As such, in May 2021, the World Health Organisation decided that variants of concern would be given a shorthand name using a letter of the Greek alphabet.

Readers will by now be fairly familiar with the first few letters of the Greek alphabet, if they weren’t already as we have already seen the following variants of concern, which used the first four letters of the Greek alphabet:

Alpha – B.1.1.7 (first identified in the UK)
Beta – B.1.351 (South Africa)
Gamma – P.1 (Brazil)
Delta – B.1.617.2 (India)

The current variant of concern that is spreading around the world is Omicron – B.1.1.529 (first identified by scientists in South African).

I’ve been asked several times by people who have some familiarity with the Greek alphabet as to why the WHO made a leap from Delta to Omicron. Well, there wasn’t a “leap” as such, there were variants that were labelled with some of the intermediate letters that didn’t turn out to be as problematic as anticipated and were not highlighted in the mainstream media. So, we did have the following variants: Epsilon (lineages B.1.429, B.1.427, CAL.20C), Zeta (P.2), Eta (B.1.525), Theta (P.3), Iota, (B.1.526), Kappa (B.1.617.1). Lambda (C.37), and Mu (B.1.621)

Nu and Xi have been skipped deliberately, the former because English speakers may pronounce it like the word “new” (it’s actually pronounced “nih” or “nee” and Xi because it resembles a common surname).

The next variant would likely be Pi, although that is a rather familiar symbol to many people and so they may well skip that one too. The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega (“big O” compare that to Omicron “little o”.

But, let us hope that we stifle this virus long before we run out of Greek letters…

File:Greek alphabet (Jason Davey).png

Panto time again? Oh, yes it is! //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/panto-time-again-oh-yes-it-is.html Mon, 29 Nov 2021 15:10:44 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=42055 We had to skip our annual panto in 2020, but this year we’re bigger, bolder, and brassier than ever with Treasure Island! Oh yes we are! Here are a few of my snaps (in no particular order) from the orchestra pit where I’m playing guitar, as usual.

Tickets are on sale here.

Gary Unwin-Riches is Long John Silver
Gary Unwin-Riches is Long John Silver
Liz Mayne as Jim Hawkins
Liz Mayne as Jim Hawkins
Chrissie Kelby is Jenny Trelawney
Chrissie Kelby is Jenny Trelawney
Matt Unwin as Mrs Hawkins
Matt Unwin as Mrs Hawkins
Amy Unwin as Mrs Henderson
Amy Unwin as Mrs Henderson

Mark Nolan as Bloodboiler
Mark Nolan as Bloodboiler

Tricia Bradley as Mrs Battersby (left) and Helen McCallum as WI member
Tricia Bradley as Mrs Battersby (left) and Helen McCallum as WI member
Liz Mayne as Jim Hawkins
Liz Mayne as Jim Hawkins
Duncan McCallum as Goth
Duncan McCallum as Goth

John Unwin as Squire Trelawney (left)
John Unwin as Squire Trelawney (left)
Tricia Bradley is Mrs Battersby
Tricia Bradley is Mrs Battersby

Paul Mapp is Little Ron (left)
Paul Mapp is Little Ron (left)
Mary Garside is Polly the Parrot
Mary Garside is Polly the Parrot

Mark Nolan is Billy Bones
Mark Nolan is Billy Bones
Natalia Thorn Coe is Seadog Sam (left) and Nikki Kerss is Seaweed Willy
Natalia Thorn Coe is Seadog Sam (left) and Nikki Kerss is Seaweed Willy

Nathalie Morgan is Georgette Souflet
Nathalie Morgan is Georgette Souflet

Rachel Shore as Mrs Parker (right)
Rachel Shore as Mrs Parker (right)

Ben Shimmens is Gizzard Slitter (4th from left)
Ben Shimmens is Gizzard Slitter (4th from left)
Choreography by Megan Swann (right)
Choreography by Megan Swann (right)
Helen McCallum as Benjamina Gunn
Helen McCallum as Benjamina Gunn
Silver's other bird
Silver’s other bird

Aunty Babs our amazing musical director
Aunty Babs our amazing musical director
Where would the world be without spotted dick?
Where would the world be without spotted dick?
Sunny Suffolk – Lackford Lakes //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/sunny-suffolk-lackford-lakes.html Thu, 25 Nov 2021 16:55:54 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=42018 Continue reading "Sunny Suffolk – Lackford Lakes"]]> Paid just our second visit of the year to Lackford Lakes Nature Reserve in the hope of seeing the Siskins that had been reported there this week. We stopped off at the ringing hut where two of the Suffolk Wildlife Trust team had netted various birds (Treecreeper, Blue, Great and Marsh Tits, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Robin, and others) and were carefully recording the recatches and ringing any new catches for their conservation efforts.

So, what did we see on the day? 46 species not in order of sighting but loosely grouped:

  1. Siskin
  2. Goldfinch
  3. Redpoll
  4. Great Tit
  5. Blue Tit
  6. Long-tailed Tit
  7. Coal Tit
  8. Marsh Tit
  9. Dunnock
  10. Chaffinch
  11. Robin
  12. Nuthatch
  13. Wren
  14. Treecreeper
  15. Blackbird
  16. Song Thrush
  17. Starling
  18. Lapwing
  19. Green Woodpecker
  20. Sparrowhawk
  21. Common Buzzard
  22. Kestrel
  23. Cormorant
  24. Goldeneye
  25. Mallard
  26. Tufted Duck
  27. Gadwall
  28. Wigeon
  29. Pochard
  30. Shelduck
  31. Shoveller
  32. Little Grebe
  33. Moorhen
  34. Coot
  35. Greylag Goose
  36. Canada Goose
  37. Egyptian Goose
  38. Grey Heron
  39. Black-headed Gull
  40. Lesser Black-backed Gull
  41. Great Black-backed Gull
  42. Jay
  43. Rook
  44. Jackdaw
  45. Wood Pigeon
  46. Collared Dove
Treecreeper being ringed
Treecreeper being ringed
Blue Tit
Blue Tit
Marsh Tit
Marsh Tit
Male Siskin (left) and what looks like two Redpolls)
Male Siskin (left) and what looks like two Redpolls). There were a couple of dozen Siskins around.

Lyrical analysis of No Footprints //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/lyrical-analysis-of-no-footprints-in-the-sand.html Sat, 20 Nov 2021 17:01:32 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41771 Continue reading "Lyrical analysis of No Footprints"]]> You may have noticed I wrote and recorded yet another song – it was originally entitled Footprints in the Sand. It was angst-ridden and full of random allusions and imagery, as is my wont. I added the word “No” to the title having used a photo of  beach on which there were no footprints and I thought that would make it even more angst, suggesting that the song’s protagonists were hankering after the beach but unable to be there for whatever reason.

As I mentioned earlier, the song started off in my usual way, simple chord progression over which I ad libbed a few words…I tightened the words up after I laid down a quick demo so I wouldn’t forget the tune I’d come up with. It started out as being about coping with grief following the death of a loved one. But, it somehow morphed into thinking about the kind of grief that migrants suffer in leaving their homeland in search of a better, safer life. Their attempts to reach foreign shores and to land on beaches from flimsy boats. There is also a kind of allusion to regrets migrants might feel in reaching that foreign shore.

Anyway, let me spell out what I think I thought I meant in the song, I’m reverse engineering it really, as many of the words arose spontaneously and from my subconscious.

The days are colder and the nights drawn in
No barricades of comfort, now the aching will begin

After the clocks go back in October, my mother would often remark on how quickly it seemed “the nights are drawing in”. I made the phrase a finite point, the nights are “drawn in”, in perpetuity, you might say, it’s always going to be dark from now on. The warmth of the summer, a kind of psychological barricade definitely long gone and the pain of the cold, dark days now starting.

I'm running down an unlit corridor
The pain can chase me, but I head out through an open door

This was a nightmare image of the fear of death, I think, and the possibility of somehow getting away from that pain and emerging into the light.

And you won't find a clearer path today
If you turn your back on the future, try to run away

Basically, don’t dwell on the past, try to look to the future, but also live in the present, which brings us to the next couplet

And, there are times when you can plan your day
But the tide will turn and wash your wishes away

Moving through grief it seems very hard to think of getting on with normal stuff, but you have to, but it’s worth remembering that your romantic dreams written with sticks and stones on the memory of a beach are always washed away by the rising tide.

But I can see the warning signs ahead
They don't deter me, they draw me on instead

This sounds like being well aware of the psychological damage that might occur in the wake of trauma but being pulled along by it instead of finding a safe haven.

And I should say that we can choose a tougher path
The path of least resistance was never going to last

I think this line in the pre-chorus is where the notion of it being about my grief morphed into something broader about migrants and people escaping. Always easier to stick to the well-worn track, but even they don’t offer an escape a tougher route has to be forged in some circumstances.

Now, we’re at the chorus:

Walk with me, I'll take you by the hand
Can't promise anything like a promised land
But, I’ll give you love, though nothing's planned
Walk with me, leave just our footprints in the sand

Offering a helping hand, partnership, promising something but not necessarily the dream, maybe just a chance to walk in the sand, which would be a bit of a dream at the moment, to be honest.

The summer comes around and the days are long
I thought I'd moved on but something feels so wrong

What if time isn’t a healer, what if there’s still pain long after the dark winter days when the summer clicks into view again? That was me worrying for my future self, I think.

And there you're kneeling with your head in your hands
Still can't believe we found ourselves in this foreign land

An allusion to the despair felt by those hoping for a better life reaching that new world, but struggling when the reality is not what they thought they had promised themselves.

Like I said, angst-ridden and grim. But, else would you expect, I’ve written and recorded dozens of songs over the last few years and they’re almost always a bit depressing lyrically even if the tunes sometimes get a bit funky. Any questions? No? Good. I’ll let you have a listen to the song (also on Bandcamp) and you can comment at me on Twitter.

Incidentally, it struck me after recording that at least two of those lyrics are half-borrowed from a couple of other songs. “I can feel the warning signs” is in Half the World Away by Oasis, while “eyes cast down on the path of least resistance” is in A Farewell to Kings by Rush. You can check out this page for a very incomplete list of what I’d call my musical influences.

No Footprints in the Sand //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/no-footprints-in-the-sand.html Thu, 18 Nov 2021 21:12:58 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41735 Continue reading "No Footprints in the Sand"]]> No Footprints in the sand

The days are colder and the nights drawn in
No barricades of comfort, now the aching will begin
I’m running down an unlit corridor
Pain can chase me, but I head out through an open door

And you won’t find a clearer path today
If you turn your back on the future, try to run away
And, there are times when you can plan your day
But the tide will turn and wash your wishes away

But I can see the warning signs ahead
They don’t deter me, they draw me on instead
And I should say that we can choose a tougher path
The path of least resistance was never going to last

Walk with me, I’ll take you by the hand
Can’t promise anything like a promised land
But, I’ll give you love, though nothing’s planned
Walk with me, leave just our footprints in the sand

The summer comes around and the days are long
I thought I’d moved on but something feels so wrong
And there you’re kneeling with your head in your hands
Still can’t believe we found ourselves in this foreign land

Though I could see the warning signs ahead
They didn’t stir me to turn away instead
And though I said that we should choose a tougher path
The path of least resistance was never at our backs

As usual, words, music, and production by 雷竞技官网
Vocals, guitars, bass, keyboard, percussion mixing dB/

Available on Soundcloud to stream and on Bandcamp to stream or download

Started off in the usual way, simple chord progression over which I ad libbed a few words…the words tightened up and something that was originally perhaps about getting through grief but maybe not getting through it came out the other side as an allusion to migrant regrets…I think.


雷竞技官网 …also a musician //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/sciencebase-to-sciencebass.html //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/sciencebase-to-sciencebass.html#respond Mon, 15 Nov 2021 21:12:47 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=14685 Continue reading "雷竞技官网 …also a musician"]]> I’m a science journalist by day, a photographer, dog walker and ale drinker most of the time I’m away from my desk, and a musician by night…oh, and there’s usually an ale or a beer then, too…

That is to say, I earn my living writing about science, I tramp around the countryside with my dog, taking lots of photos (mostly of birds, these days), drink a few pints with Mrs Sciencebase and/or friends, and sing and play in a couple of bands, including C5, and a choir (bigMouth). You can hear my latest solo and collaborative recorded music on BandCamp and SoundCloud. Some of my stuff is on Spotify and iTunes too, including a few cover songs.

Dave Bradley
Dave Bradley performing with C5 the band, photo by Clive Thomson. That’s lead guitarist Rich Blakesley blurred in the background.

I’ve always been in love with music, since my first baby rattle and toy guitar as a tot, been attempting to play guitar ever since. It is only in the last fifteen years or so that I have performed live in front of audiences and written and recorded my music, first with a community choir and then in a gigging band C5. I’ve sang at the Royal Albert Hall with a mass choir and recorded at Abbey Road Studios, ditto.

Proud to have played quite a few pub, festival and party gigs with my band C5 and to have had solo slots in front of a fair few hundred audience singing the lead on Billy Joel’s “The Longest Time” with the TyrannoChorus choir at the West Road Concert Hall in Cambridge and just before the 2020 lockdown singing “Be the Man” by The Young’uns for two charity events with the choir.

Most of the songs I’ve written and recorded either solo or in collaborations over the last few years are available to stream or download from BandCamp. Some of my covers and originals are on iTunes as well as Spotify, Youtube channel, SoundCloud, and HearThis.

This is a very short list of a few of the musicians, bands, and artists I admire in alphabetical order: Alan Parsons Project, Athlete, B52s, Badly Drawn Boy, The Beach Boys, The Beatles, Blondie, Blue Aeroplanes, Blur, David Bowie, Kate Bush, Camel, Glen Campbell, Phil Collins, Crowded House, The Cure, Paco de Lucia, John Denver, Al Di Meola, Thomas Dolby, Doves, Dr Dre, Duran Duran, Editors, Elbow, Fred’s House, Robert Fripp, Peter Gabriel, Genesis, Steve Hackett, Steve Hillage, Carole King, King Crimson, The Kinks, Led Zeppelin, Manic Street Preachers, Joni Mitchell, Van Morrison, Mike Oldfield, Pavlov’s Dog, Placebo, Porcupine Tree, Radiohead, Gerry Rafferty, R.E.M, Nile Rodgers, Rush, Seals & Crofts, Squeeze, Steely Dan, Supertramp, Andy Summers, Talking Heads, James Taylor, Tears for Fears, U2, Franki Valli, The Willows, Yes, Neil Young, there are many others.

I’ve been told that I occasionally sound like a Geordie Glenn Tilbrook (that’s according to the Manchedelic Roger Waters better known as Dek “Mono Stone” Ham), and sometimes George Harrison, Steely Dan, Stephen Duffy, Peter Gabriel, early Oasis, Phil Collins, Alan Parsons Project, Sting, James Taylor, David Bowie (most often, admittedly), and Stephen Stills, and most recently, Cat Stevens and Neil Finn (Crowded House) on the basis of my charity single “Bridges crossed and burned“…

I couldn’t claim to have even an ounce of the talent of those people, but I do reckon I’ve finally developed my own sound now that doesn’t wear my influences quite so prominently on my silk kimono sleeves as with earlier songs.

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Redirecting domains //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/redirecting-domains.html Sun, 14 Nov 2021 15:36:07 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41728 Continue reading "Redirecting domains"]]> Back in the day, I ran numerous specialist websites. Long-time visitors to Sciencebase may well recall some of them:





The first three of those are currently simply redirecting to Sciencebase itself while Sciscoop is acting as an archive for Chemspy and Sciencetext content. I had hoped to sell on those accounts via the domain registrar, but have decided to offer them to any reader who cares to take them on for a negotiable fee. Please get in touch via db@ sciencebase.com if you’re interested in acquiring any of those domains.

Check out the autumnal moth named after a stargazer and a mythical beast //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/check-out-the-autumnal-moth-named-after-a-stargazer.html Tue, 09 Nov 2021 09:02:35 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41700 Continue reading "Check out the autumnal moth named after a stargazer and a mythical beast"]]> The Sprawler moth seems to spread its forelegs wide when it’s at rest on a chunk of wood. Its delicate patterning gives it something of a resemblance of a bark surface, perhaps. But, it is its scientific name that is a little curious and needs further explanation.

Sprawler Moth - Asteroscopus sphinx
The Sprawler, new to my Cambridgeshire garden 8th November 2021

Lepidopterists originally referred to The Sprawler as Cassinia after the Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini who lived from 1625—1712. It was first cited by Hufnagel in 1766. But, why was it named after an astronomer? The answer lies in the behaviour of the moth’s larva, its caterpillar. When startled the little green beast rears up its spine-covered head as if gazing heavenwards. Why it does this is something of a mystery, but then much about insects remains mysterious. Perhaps the behaviour is enough to fool a predator into thinking the larva might bite back.

The Cassinia genus was dropped in recent times for the term Asteroscopus, which is a more generic term for a star gazer, one might say. The astero part from the Greek for star and scopus from the word for watching (see also telescope). So, the full scientific binomial for The Sprawler is Asteroscopus sphinx (Hufnagel, 1766).

Here’s how to write a clickable headline without using clickbait //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/writing-attractive-headline-clickbait-seo.html Sat, 06 Nov 2021 09:21:36 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41693 Continue reading "Here’s how to write a clickable headline without using clickbait"]]> UPDATE: I tested this approach on Sciencebase and another site and have come to the conclusion that such headline writing only matters in terms of click-through rate, that is improved, but initial hits don’t seem to be improved at least in the short term, so whether or not it has a beneficial SEO effect remains to be seen.

Headline writing for newspapers and magazines was always the preserve of the subbies, the sub-editors. A reporter, journalist, columnist or another writer would file their copy, it would be bashed into basic shape and length by an editor. Then, a subbie would tear into it, weeding out logical inconsistencies in the flow of text, trapping factual errors, adding puns, dismantling potentially libellous statements, checking the grammar and spelling, cutting it to length, adding extra puns, removing the byline, adding the byline back in, and then removing it again. Finally, adding a headline and perhaps a few extra puns, and strapline with plenty of puns.

Things have changed now that almost everything we read is online. Space constraints are no longer the issue. The issue is search engine optimisation, SEO, and converting eyeballs seeing a headline into clicks on that headline to open the page and get those eyeballs and click action on to the advertising within.

First, we had keyword stuffing, which was usually out of site and the headlines followed the traditional form for years. Next came clickbait, of which there are two flavours. One that baits the reader to click with a catchy enticement and keywords in which they’re interested. Another, a kind of bait and switch on a par with Rickrolling in which an attractive headline makes the eyeball to click conversion, but the content within isn’t what the headline suggested, bait and switch clickbait, you might call it.

Now, we are in a new golden age of headline writing, but sadly, the subbies aren’t happy as puns are out. There is no point in making parochial puns, idiotic idioms, or archaic cultural allusions when one’s vast new audience is international. Your native tongue and clever wordplay won’t work for every putative reader from those just starting to learning your language as a second, third, or fourth language and even for those in the upper echelons of multilinguistics.

So headlines these days have to be self-explanatory rather than self-indulgent. They have to make sense on a first read without anyone having to reach for a dictionary to interpret them. They have to be conversational, a dialogue between reader and writer are, in the age of social media, all-important, essential in fact. The writer must now recognise not that they are talking to a vast, abeyant audience of word worshippers, but rather talking one-to-one, direct in dialogue, with their reader. A singular reader is the audience even if there are millions of them (I wish).

A couple of excellent infographics published with an NPR article entitled “Write digital headlines both readers and Google will love” summarises brilliantly everything I am talking about here and more. It explains the modern penchant for long, conversational headlines of which we are all seeing more and more these days as well as the SEO-led nature of the URL for those headlines that take your eyeball, via your web browser or app, to the page in question.

As you can see, the title of this article is

Here's how to write a clickable headline without using clickbait

The web address, the URL, for it is not what you’d perhaps expect though. It’s not


No. The URL is as follows, which is much more SEO ready for Google and other search engines


Now, I’ve been a science writer, journalist, copywriter, editor for more than three decades. I hope I’ve learned a few things about the trade, in that time. But, I’m no high-faluting expert and maybe my interpretation of the NPR isn’t entirely accurate. You can read it for yourself and learn your own lessons.

The key points are that your new-form headlines should do the following:

  • Say why the article matters
  • Be conversational
  • Address people, not policy
  • Use articles (the, a, an)
  • Avoid journalese and jargon
  • Avoid questions, the headline should be the answer
  • Focus on specifics
  • Avoid puns*

From the SEO perspective the article’s URL should:

  • Use one or two keywords, but not be stuffed
  • Be written for humans not machines
  • Be clear and direct

I am planning to use the techniques a little more with my own writing on sciencebase.com to see if I can draw the crowds a little more. There was a time when daily unique visitors to sciencebase numbered in their thousands, these days, that’s more like the monthly numbers. Of course, back then (1999 onwards) Sciencebase was one of very few science news sites and social media was not yet a reality. Indeed, when I first established Elemental Discoveries, which was the proto-sciencebase, it was *the* only popular science news website as far as I know. So, I have hopes, but they’re not high. We’ll see.

Also, for anyone who hit this page searching for SEO and was expecting a short-eared owl, you shouldn’t be disappointed. Here’s one I snapped earlier.

Short-eared owl (SEO), not to be confused with search-engine optimisation (SEO)

*Subbies are almost redundant now.

2021 is the year I discovered 35 new species of moth in our back garden //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/new-moths-on-the-block.html Mon, 25 Oct 2021 14:20:01 +0000 //www.njsaichi.com/science-blog/?p=41657 Continue reading "2021 is the year I discovered 35 new species of moth in our back garden"]]> UPDATE: The Sprawler turned up in early November, bringing the total up to 36 new for the garden in 2021. No December moth yet, at the time of writing, sadly.

These Lepidoptera were all new for my back garden in Cottenham drawn to a 40 Watt ultraviolet “actinic” lamp on the night noted. Any of dubious ID I had confirmed from a photo by Sean Foote better known on Twitter as @MothIDUK to whom I am very grateful for the assistance and have put a tip in his tip jar.

The 35 species new for the garden in 2021 are as follows

7/3/21 – The Satellite
20/4/21 – Agonopterix purpurea* (To Myo lure)
10/5/21 – Esperia sulphurella
31/5/21 – Mottled Pug
2/6/21 – Brown Silver-line
4/6/21 – Hypena rostralis
4/6/21 – Buttoned Snout
6/6/21 – Aethes tesserana
6/6/21 – Red-belted Clearwing*
12/6/21 – Currant Clearwing*
13/6/21 – Yellow-legged Clearwing*
13/6/21 – Argyresthia curvella
14/6/21 – Red-tipped Clearwing*
16/6/21 – Orange-tailed Clearwing
24/6/21 – Hedya salicella
25/6/21 – Mompha ochraceella
4/7/21 – Aleimma loeflingiana
4/7/21 – Cnephasia agg.
11/7/21 – Plain Pug
15/7/21 – Dark Umber
19/7/21 – Raspberry Clearwing*
24/7/21 – Leek Moth
24/7/21 – Scarce Silver-lines
2/8/21 – Dewick’s Plusia (I’d only seen this moth previously in Greece)
4/8/21 – Helcystogramma rufescens
9/8/21 – Toadflax Brocade (Had larva in the garden in 2019)
19/8/21 – Yellow Belle
21/8/21 – Tawny-barred Angle
22/8/21 – Common Wave
23/8/21 – Udea lutealis
24/8/21 – Square-spot Rustic
1/9/21 – Aethes smeathmanniana
5/9/21 – Swammerdamia pyrella
19/9/21 – Beet Moth
10/10/21 – Acleris schalleriana
9/11/21 – The Sprawler

*Drawn to pheromone lure during the day, rather than actinic light at night. If non-target then pheromone is named

Numbers were very much down on my previous three seasons of trapping, never getting to more than a couple of hundred moths on any given lighting-up night and usually of 30-40 species on such nights. When I last counted (2/9/21) I’d seen about 4760 moths of 260 species. In 2019, I counted 12000 specimens and hadn’t lit up anywhere near as frequently in that year as I have during 2021. Early to mid-September got quite busy with a lot of Large Yellow Underwings and Setaceous Hebrew Characters etc.

The spring was cold and wet, summer was a bit of a washout too, but we had two or three warm spells in September.

Dewick’s Plusia
Common Wave
Scarce Silver-lines
Yellow-legged Clearwing